Courtyard hotels in Beijing are the hotels is courtyards, here you can enjoy the atmosphere of old Beijing with convenient transportation and considerate service, usually they are located at center of Beijing.
Visiting Beijing, you should not only visit the Great Wall, but also the imperial buildings, including the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace which are all the imperial buildings built in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Had introduced the Forbidden City and Summer Palace, today we will visit the Temple of Heaven.
The Temple of Heaven is located at southern of Beijing, was the place where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties worshipped heaven and prayed for good harvests. This temple was built firstly in 1420 (the 18th year in the reign of Ming Emperor Yongle), and extended and renovated in the reign of Ming Emperor Jiajing and Qing Emperor Qianlong. In ancient China, the sacrifice to heaven, earth, sun and moon are very important for emperors, because people thought that everything was dominated by heaven due to underdeveloped science in ancient China. Ancient Chinese hoped that heaven could help them by sacrifice. . They came here twice a year, on the 1 5th day of the 1st lunar month and on Winter Solstice. At first, both heaven and earth were worshipped here. After 1530 when the Temple of Earth was built in the northern suburbs, only heaven was worshipped in this temple. During 500 years until the Qing Dynasty, 22 emperors made 654 sacrifices to heaven in the Temple of Heaven.
Covering an area of 273 hectares, the Temple of Heaven is four times larger than Forbidden City, and the two walls form the inner and outer altars. The main architectures Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, the Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar are in the south-north axle, and they are also separated by walls. The architecture of Temple of Heaven has two themes. One is “on the earth”, while the other is “in the heaven”, as well as walls. The Circular Mound Alter sits at south, and Good Harvest Alter sits at north. The two alters sits at same south-north axis, and separated by a wall. Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest was built in 18th year in Yongle, which is a rectangle hall and the main building of Temple of Heaven.
1 Day Tour: Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace Tour from US$ 44/pax
1 Day Tour: Badaling Great Wall, Temple of Heaven from US$ 42/pax
1 Day Tour: Mutianyu Great Wall, Temple of Heaven from US$ 58/pax
1 Day Tour: Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace from US$ 52/pax